AVTIS - The Instrument
Who are we?
The workshop and exhibition
Resources and information
St Andrews <

Imaging <
The Basics

Applications <
The Universe
Brijot Imager
Car Radar
Debris Detection
Aircraft Landing
External links
Photo gallery

In this section:

> 1. Intro
> 2. The Instrument
> 3. The Antenna
> 4. As a Radar
> 5. Seeing the Volcano
> 6. Measuring
> 7. Data Stacking
> 8. A Scan
> 9. Colour Code
> 10. The Volcano
> 11. Pyroclastic Flows
> 12. Devastation
> 13. The Future

What does a mm-wave instrument look like? Millimetre waves can be used to make radar measurments, so you might imagine a huge dish like those used for radio astronomy or air traffic control. On the other hand, mm-waves can also be used like a thermal camera, an object that can fit in the palm of your hand. In practice mm-wave instruments tend to be of a size that is somewhere in between these two extremes.

You can see the size of AVTIS below. It is reasonably small and lightweight, which is has to be since it gets carried around the sides of a volcano. In fact the heaviest parts of the instrument are the two car batteries that give the instrument power!

The radar is mounted on a gimbal which is in turn set up on a surveyors tripod to give the instrument a steady base. The gimbal is the white object consisting of two rotating drums: the bottom drum can turn around from side to side whereas the top drum rotates up and down. This means that you can point the radar antenna dish in any direction that you like. One car battery is used to power the gimbal while the second is used to provide power for the mm-wave radar signal. Everything is controlled from a normal laptop computer which chooses what to scan and keeps a record of the data.

'Vision For The Future' is an EPSRC funded project run by the MMW group at the University of St Andrews
Copyright ©2006 by the University of St Andrews :: web, graphic and exhibition design by FifeX Ltd, www.fifex.co.uk